is the federal agency responsible for ensuring that foods are safe, wholesome and sanitary; human and veterinary drugs,
biological products, and medical devices are safe and effective; cosmetics are safe; and electronic products that emit radiation are safe.
FDA also ensures that these products are honestly, accurately and informatively represented to the public. Some of the agency's specific
- Product and manufacturing establishment licensing
- Safety of the nation's blood supply
- Research to establish product standards and develop improved testing methods
- Product approvals
- OTC and prescription drug labeling
- Drug manufacturing standards
- Safety of all food products (except meat and poultry)
- Bottled water
- Premarket approval of new devices
- Manufacturing and performance standards
- Tracking reports of device malfunctioning and serious adverse reactions
Radiation-Emitting Electronic Products
- Radiation safety performance standards for microwave ovens, television receivers, diagnostic
- X-Ray equipment, cabinet x-ray systems (such as baggage x-rays at airports), laser products
- Ultrasonic therapy equipment, mercury vapor lamps, and sunlamps
- Accrediting and inspecting mammography facilities
- Livestock feeds
- Pet foods
- Veterinary drugs and devices
When Does FDA Get Involved?
FDA has legal jurisdiction over products shipped in interstate commerce. A product that is manufactured, shipped and marketed within a state is not,
in most cases, subject to FDA regulation. Often, states will adopt guidelines, and they are responsible for ensuring compliance. Consumers with
questions or complaints about products that are not involved in interstate commerce should contact their state governments.
Individual states are also responsible for licensing and monitoring the conduct of physicians, pharmacists, and other health-care professionals.
State and local governments are also responsible for the inspection and regulation of establishments such as restaurants and health spas.
What FDA Does Not Regulate