Eicosatetraenoic acid/Arachidonic acid (AA) ΓΈ Calorie Counter
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2,114cal/d
28.32BMI

Eicosatetraenoic acid/Arachidonic acid (AA)



Arachidonic acid (AA) is an Ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid with 20 carbons and four double bonds, the first double bond is located at the sixth carbon from the omega end. It is the counterpart to the saturated Arachidic acid. Arachidonic acid is found in salmon, sardine oil, seal oil.

Some chemistry sources define Arachidonic acid to designate any of the eicosatetraenoic acids. However, almost all writings in biology, medicine and nutrition limit the term to all-cis-5,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid.

Arachidonic acid is a polyunsaturated fatty acid that is present in the phospholipids (especially phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylinositides) of membranes of the body's cells, and is abundant in the brain.

It is also involved in cellular signaling as a second messenger.

It is the source of several other molecules with specific roles.

Arachidonic acid is one of the essential fatty acids required by most mammals. Some mammals lack the ability to-or have a very limited capacity to-convert Linoleic acid into arachidonic acid, making it an essential part of their diet. Since little or no Arachidonic acid is found in plants, such animals are obligate carnivores; the cat is a common example.

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